Valley Heights Steam Tramway



1022 running at the Parramatta Park Steam Tramway in 1992; photo courtesy of Mark Newton.

This view shows 1022 as it was prior to the arson attack of June 1993.


Vulcan Iron Works,

Wilkes-Barre, Pennsylvania

Builder’s Number & Year

2505 of 1916

Wheel Arrangement



1022 represents a classic US design of simple and robust locomotive for construction & industrial duties, examples of which were built in large numbers to various gauges for domestic US and export customers. Similar preserved locomotives in Australia include the identical Vulcan 0-4-0ST Emu Gravel No.1 and a 0-6-0ST version (built to 3 ’6” gauge) in Australian Portland Cement No.4. A US competitor to Vulcan Iron Works was Devonport Locomotive Works who built similar locomotives such as ‘Kiama’ PWD No.65.

1022 and sister 1023 were originally delivered to the NSW Public Works Department in 1916 for construction of the metropolitan goods lines in Sydney. They subsequently joined the NSW Government Railways and found a variety of uses. During World War 2 they were loaned to the US Army for shunting at Sandown Supply Depot; photos from this period suggest they were painted in attractive lined green livery. 1022 and 1023 are perhaps best remembered in their post-war role as roundhouse shunters at the Enfield steam loco depot, and many photographs show 1022 and 1023 shunting cold steam locomotives from one roundhouse bay to another.

While 1023 was withdrawn in 1964 and scrapped in 1968, 1022 fortunately lasted until 1970 and was initially retained among the NSW Rail Transport Museum's (NSWRTM) collection in Enfield No.1 roundhouse. 1022 was swapped with Emu Gravel No.1 from the Steam Tram & Light Railway Society on 20 October 1970 as they wanted an operational locomotive for their Parramatta Park Steam Tramway and 1022 was apparently in better condition. Accordingly, Emu Gravel No.1 was transferred to Enfield roundhouse as a static exhibit for the NSWRTM while 1022 was transferred to Parramatta Park. The webmaster has many fond memories of 1022 working at Parramatta Park during the 1970's.

Tragically the Parramatta Park Steam Tramway operation ended abruptly when the depot was destroyed by arson on 7 June 1993, resulting in the loss of their historic collection of wooden carriages, tramcars and steam tram trailers, together with extensive damage to the steam locomotives. The fire-damaged locomotives including 1022 were evacuated to the NSWRTM Thirlmere. Operations have since been re-established as the Valley Heights Steam Tramway at Valley Heights Locomotive Depot in the Blue Mountains with repaired locomotives and a newly-restored steam tram trailer, however 1022 has not yet had its turn to rise from the ashes. The loco has been stripped down to the frame, revealing a severe crack in one half of the cylinder & smokebox saddle casting, which has since received extensive welding repairs. As of 2022, the locomotive is being progressive rebuilt and reassembled by volunteers in the new workshop building at Valley Heights and is slowly progressing towards a return to service. I understand the boiler is overhauled but yet to be re-tubed, while the fire-damaged saddle tank and cab require professional metalwork repair.

A spare set of wheels (which possibly belonged to either 1023 or Emu Gravel No.1's long lost sister, No.2) used to sit behind the running shed at Parramatta. These were spied on 7 January 2012 in an S-truck at Thirlmere, as seen in a photo below.

Leon Oberg provides a good history of 1022, sister 1023 and the Emu Gravel Vulcan locos in his excellent book ‘Locomotives of Australia, 1850 - 2010 - Fifth Edition’ as referenced below.

My visit to Valley Heights on 10 August 2006 found 1022 stripped down to its components.

At rear are the frames, then wheels and the two halves of the cylinder & smokebox castings.

Behind are the saddle tank, cab and other metalwork.

A close-up view shows the extensive welding repairs to 1022's cracked cylinder & smokebox saddle casting. 10 August 2006.

This pair of driving wheel was spotted in a S-truck at Thirlmere on 7 January 2012.

I believe these originally belonged to sister loco 1023; further information is welcome.

1022 shuffling around the shed fan at ST&RPS Parramatta Park on Sunday 16 March 1975, with No.103A alongside.

The loco appears to rolling forward, having uncoupled from the steam tram trailer behind.

This photo was kindly contributed by & copyright to Stephen Moulton from his wonderful Images of Railways Elsewhere site.



L. Oberg,

'Locomotives of Australia, 1850s – 2010 - Fifth Edition',

published by Rosenberg Publishing Pty Ltd, Dural NSW.


Stephen Tolhurst's X10 website

Retrieved 8 January 2012.

Page updated: 25 March 2024

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